The Oil Resistant Conveyor Belt and other Features of a Belt Conveyor System

Material handling equipment is required for loading and transit of materials and goods. Belt conveyor systems are one of this preferred equipment. As the name suggests, this system uses conveyor belts that are looped over rollers and pulleys. These are what move the belt. Conveyor belts move very well so that they are able to withstand very heavy goods. For one to understand why an oil resistant belt and other kinds of conveyor belts are the most preferred in the industry, we must look at the features and properties of these conveyor belts.

Maximum efficiency is required when loading and carrying goods and heavy materials. This is why conveyor belts are driven by electric motors. These belts come in short, medium or long lengths. Conveyor belts are made from materials such as rubber, canvas, steel and textile. Depending on the task, the belts will be strengthened during the production process. For instance, steel wire conveyor belts have strong cords and are used in mining.

A conveyor belt can either be flat or troughed. The former is used for light goods such as soap, bottles and boxes while the latter is used for bulky goods, whether in liquid or solid form. The belt is able to withstand the tension that is created with the assistance of fabric duck. An impact conveyor idler stabilizes the conveyor system. This is very important when carrying loads. Here are other features of the belt system:

1. Belt pulleys: They come in different sizes. Terminal pulleys are large to prevent breaking and ensure that the belt remains durable.

2. The impact conveyor idler is designed for protection purposes. Whenever there is impact, the idler absorbs it at the loading point. The best conveyor idlers are heavy duty. The rubber discs are fitted with bearings. The frames are made from steel and also supported with steel at the sides. This offers maximum support. Conveyor belts run on idlers. The rollers that are put on the side are for carrying purposes while the single idlers are on the return side. Idler rollers are supported on frames known as transom.

3. Rubber mining hose: Rubber is very durable and this is what makes it popular as a mining hose material. This rubber mining hose is used as a connector and also supports underground mining equipment. The rubber hoses comprise of high pressure and low pressure hoses respectively. Industrial hoses are heat resistant to be able to contain materials that have very high pressure. This also prevents combustion.

4. Metric v belt: Metric belts are loops made from material such as rubber and leather. They are looped on top of pulleys and used to link the rotating shafts. These belts are strong and are able to withstand very high temperatures. The best belts are those that run smoothly and quietly.

5. Hydraulic check valve: When carrying hot fluids, valves play the role of regulating the flow of these fluids. Hydraulic check valves ensure that there is better performance in cases where high pressure and temperatures are involved.

Heat Resistant Conveyor Belt:The Best for Loading Hot Goods

Material handling equipment is important because it is used in loading and transporting goods over a distance. There is a need to use the best equipment that need little time to load and work with. Belt conveyors are the answer. Conveyor belts have the carrying medium of belt conveyors and the most preferred material handling equipment because of how easy they are to work with. Once these belts are switched on, there is no need to check on them from time to time or manipulate them to work better. These belts need a v belt pulley that rotates about the belts. There are some belts that use two pulleys while others use one. Conveyor belts need belt pulleys to move them and thus move the goods.

Material handling equipment is important because it is used in loading and transporting goods over a distance. There is a need to use the best equipment that need little time to load and work with. Belt conveyors are the answer. Conveyor belts have the carrying medium of belt conveyors and the most preferred material handling equipment because of how easy they are to work with. Once these belts are switched on, there is no need to check on them from time to time or manipulate them to work better. These belts need a v belt pulley that rotates about the belts. There are some belts that use two pulleys while others use one. Conveyor belts need belt pulleys to move them and thus move the goods.

Safest when lifting, moving and carrying goods

Clients in the steel and manufacturing industries look for the best conveyor belts that can carry goods which emit heat. Conveyor belts that are heat resistant will allow the safe moving and lifting of goods from one place to their destination. When using these belts, you are assured that you will not have to deal with spillage or damage to your goods. Heat resistant conveyor belts allow rubber tyrecoupling. This allows for self aligning and makes the belt system smooth so that the creaking sound often in machines is avoided. If you want your bearing to last for a long time, rubber that is of high quality should be used.

Safest when lifting, moving and carrying goods

Clients in the steel and manufacturing industries look for the best conveyor belts that can carry goods which emit heat. Conveyor belts that are heat resistant will allow the safe moving and lifting of goods from one place to their destination. When using these belts, you are assured that you will not have to deal with spillage or damage to your goods. Heat resistant conveyor belts allow rubber tyrecoupling. This allows for self aligning and makes the belt system smooth so that the creaking sound often in machines is avoided. If you want your bearing to last for a long time, rubber that is of high quality should be used.

Safest when lifting, moving and carrying goods

Clients in the steel and manufacturing industries look for the best conveyor belts that can carry goods which emit heat. Conveyor belts that are heat resistant will allow the safe moving and lifting of goods from one place to their destination. When using these belts, you are assured that you will not have to deal with spillage or damage to your goods. Heat resistant conveyor belts allow rubber tyrecoupling. This allows for self aligning and makes the belt system smooth so that the creaking sound often in machines is avoided. If you want your bearing to last for a long time, rubber that is of high quality should be used.

Heat resistant belts are also the most preferred when it comes to carrying hot materials and that is why for safety purposes, emphasis is given on the material size, speed and chemical resistance.

The Importance of an Impact Conveyor Idler in a Heat Resistant Conveyor Belt

Conveyor belts are quite popular in the market today.  They are used in different industries for transportation. They are mainly used for transportation of raw materials or products from one place to another. These belts use frictional forces to move these things.  The whole operation of the conveyor belts is such that every feature on the belt is designed to make sure that it is efficient.

One of the most important parts in conveyor belts is the impact conveyor idler.  The role of the impact conveyor idler is to ensure that the conveyor belt can be able to handle the pressure that the belt gets from the load that is placed on the conveyor belts. There are different types of conveyor belts. The application varies depending on the type of conveyor belt that you choose. It is important to note that conveyor belts can be used for both heavy and light duty transportation.

Things to note about the impact conveyor idler:

1.    They come in different types depending on the design.
2.    The impact/ pressure that they can take is determined by their design
3.    You can choose specification depending on the type of load that you are going to carry. Therefore, the crusher v belt will determine the kind of idler that you choose.
4.    The right installation of the idlers is extremely important for it to operate well.
5.    They can be easily assembled and replaced when they become old.

The impact conveyor idler helps in:

1.    Preventing the wear and tear of the conveyor belt by taking the pressure of the load.
2.    By taking the pressure, it also helps the v belt pulley to work faster. The efficiency of the v belt pulley determines the speed and efficiency of the conveyor belt.
3.    It also determines the capacity of the load that the conveyor belt can handle.
4.    It also limits belt sag when the load is placed on the belt

The application of the conveyor belt will determine the design of the impact conveyor idler. Every industry uses this system to move goods from one place to another. The design of this system will vary depending on the industry that the conveyor belt is being used.

When choosing idlers it is important to think about the following:

1.    The type of load that you are going to carry. Is it heavy or light? This determines the size of the diameter of the idlers that you are going to choose. A wider diameter of the idlers means that you can carry heavier load.
2.    It is also important to note the amount of impact that the idler can be able to handle. This will ensure that you do not overload it.
3.    The idlers should also work together to ensure that the whole process of transportation is more efficient.

The impact conveyor idlers should always be chosen depending on the application of the conveyor belt. This is the only way you can choose idlers that will perform appropriately.

Guidelines to Follow When Buying Heat Resistant Conveyor Belt

Conveyor belts are used in the transportation of goods over a specific distance. They are used in many industries for transporting items. They are mainly used in factories to transport material from one station to another. The conveyor belts are used for horizontal or vertical transportation or both. There are different types of conveyor belts in the market depending on the application. A heat resistant conveyor belt is designed for transportation of hot material. This belt is designed to resist the wear and tear caused to belt by transporting hot materials.

A heat resistant conveyor belt is suitable for
1. Cement plants
2. Steel works, metal processing industry
3. Heating stations

Buying Heat Resistant Conveyor Belt

It is advisable when buying heat resistant belts to consult a professional. Someone who understands the mechanisms of the conveyor belts is better equipped to choose the best conveyor belts. Some of the things that you need to consider when choosing them include:
•  Application- What materials are going to be transported? What is the distance to be covered? Answering these questions will help you in the selection of the conveyor belt’s design. The design will determine performance and the conveyor belts should be used where they will perform well. For example, you will need to think about application in order to select the size of the v belt pulley.
• Type- There are two types of conveyor belts; flat and troughed. Troughed conveyor belts are mainly used when you want to increase the loading capacity. It has the ability to carry heavier load in any condition without spillage. Flat conveyor belts are suitable for transporting carton or boxes.
• Speed- It is extremely important to choose a conveyor belt with the right speed. A conveyor belt that is fast. It is important to consider the diameter of the v belt pulley when looking at the speed of the conveyor belt. An oil resistant conveyor belt also means that there will be less friction and the speed will increase.
• The temperature that the heat resistant conveyor belt can handle is also important. This is because a belt is limited by the cover construction and its carcass. You should consider the thickness of the cover because it is the one that acts as a barrier between the source of the heat and carcass. You should speak to the manufacturer about the capacity of the thickness of the cover. What can it handle and what is temperature of the things that it can transport.

Heat resistant conveyor belts have numerous advantages. One of their advantages is that they are efficient and well-constructed. These belts are economical because they have a longer life span. This is because heat affects the rubber mining hose and other parts of the conveyor belts. When buying these conveyor belts you should consult the manufacturer to ensure that you understand the capacity and design of the conveyor belts. The cost of these conveyor belts will depend on the type and design of the conveyor belt.

Why Application Is Important When Choosing a Heat Resistant Conveyor Belt

The purpose of conveyor belts is transportation of goods and products over a distance. These belts are used in different industries. They make work easy and increase efficiency during production. An industry can save time and ultimately increase its productivity by using conveyor belts. The conveyor belts use a v belt pulley system. This system is not only makes work easier but is also easy to disassemble and assemble quickly.

Hic International Company

There are many types of conveyor belts. The type that you choose depends on the application. Some of the questions that you need to ask when choosing conveyor belts based on application include:

1. Which type of load will be carried? A heat resistant conveyor belt is suitable for carrying load that is hot. This is because this type of conveyor belt can be able to handle the heat without wearing and tearing.

2. What is the temperature of the load? A heat resistant conveyor belt comes in different types. The size of the cover construction will determine the amount of heat that it can handle. It is important to choose a size that will be able to handle the heat.

3. What is the distance that has to be covered? The conveyor belt that you choose should be able to go through the distance that has been stated. It is also important to think about whether you want to move over a horizontal or vertical distance.

A heat resistant conveyor is designed to be able to handle products that are under high temperatures. These conveyors are very effective in factories that handle products that have to be transported over a distance while they under high temperatures. Notably, heat can easily wear out the oil resistant conveyor belt. This means more expenses for maintenance and essentially replacing the conveyor belt.

When you consider the application of the heat resistant conveyor belts before buying you can:

1. Choose conveyor belts that have the capacity to handle the load that you are transporting. They should be able to handle both the load and the temperature of the load.

2. There are different types of conveyor belts and you can specify the design depending on the application

3. By choosing the right conveyor belts then you can save money because you do not have to replace or maintain the belts consistently.

4. Efficiency is also guaranteed when you choose the conveyor belts according to the way they are going to be used.

It is important when choosing conveyor belts to consult the manufacturer, if you need something specific. They will be able to advise you on the capacity and design of the conveyor belts so that you can use them appropriately. The manufacturers are better equipped to explain to you the mechanisms of the conveyor belts.

It is important when choosing conveyor belts to consult the manufacturer, if you need something specific. They will be able to advise you on the capacity and design of the conveyor belts so that you can use them appropriately. The manufacturers are better equipped to explain to you the mechanisms of the conveyor belts.

BUCKET ELEVATORS

Bucket elevators are an ideal solution for vertical transportation of bulk materials.

For conveying in bucket elevators, the material should generally have following properties:

2. SELECTION OF ELEVATOR CONVEYOR SYSTEM

Selection of a belt or chain type bucket elevator for a particular application is both a science and an art. Except for a few specific materials, there is no direct method of determining which type of bucket elevator is the best for a particular application. Some general guidelines are listed below:

2.1 Material Handling

Certain bulk materials, because of their inherent characteristics, are handled best in particular type of elevator. The design and performance of the elevator vary considerably with the flow characteristics of material to be elevated.

2.2 Belt Elevator Centres

Maximum elevator centres are limited by allowable chain pull or belt construction. Usually, where other factors are not a consideration, belt type elevators are capable of transporting materials to greater heights.

2.3 Materials Handling Temperature

Alloy steel chains are capable of operation in higher temperatures. Experience has shown that after 24 hours of operation, the moving components in a bucket elevator reach the full temperature of the material being conveyed. At elevated temperature, annealing of the chain take place. Following are some of the research findings:

1. Upto an annealing temperature of 2000C there is no significant deterioration in yield strength, breaking strength or surface hardness of chain

2. At temperature in the range of 2000 to 4500C the yield point decreases to about 50% to 60% of original value

3. A drop in surface hardness of about 20% is expected at an annealing temperature of 3000 C and upto 30% at 4000C. This means that wear rate in the chain increases with increasing annealing temperature.

Belts are limited by carcass and cover construction. For operating temperatures above 1200C, selection should be made in consultation with the belt manufacturer.

2.4 Elevator Speed

The operating speed consideration is critical since the proper discharge pattern is a function of head wheel diameter and speed as well as bucket design. Recommended speed range for various bucket elevator is defined in section 3. Selection of operating speed depends on head sprocket/pulley diameter and physical properties of material being handled.

Disclaimer: Information provided is to guide various industries to act as quick ready reckoner be it for at planning stage or expansions or maintenance, however no patent liability is assumed with respect to the use of the information contained. No liability is assumed for damages resulting from use of the information contained herein or assume any responsibility for errors or omissions.

BELT CONVEYORS ADVANTAGES

A belt conveyor has the advantages of simplicity of construction, high efficiency and low frictional loss resulting in low power requirements and economy in upkeep. It may be horizontal or inclined or a combination of both and can be arranged to convey material up or down an incline.

There are two main types of belt conveyors – flat and troughed. A flat belt conveyor is generally used for bags, bottles, boxes and other packaged materials, although under certain conditions, loose material in bulk, such as soap, may also be satisfactorily handled. A troughed belt conveyor enables the loading capacity to be increased by over 60% with out danger of spillage and is suitable for almost any bulk material in a dry damp or semi – wet condition. It is due to this flexibility, that belt conveyors are used in almost all industries handling bulk material viz, cement, steel, fertilizers, food, etc., to name a few.

1. CONVEYOR BELTING

The belt consist of layers or piles of fabric duck, impregnated with rubber and protected by a rubber cover or both sides and edges. The fabric duck supplies the strength to withstand the tension created in carrying the load while the cover protects the fabric carcass.

2. CONVEYOR BELT DRIVING GEAR

The belt is usually driven by means of an electric motor through
reduction gears.
There are several methods of obtaining maximum driving efficiency.
2.1 Short and medium length conveyor generally allows a plain open drive
from which traction is available.
2.2 The tension requirements of longer conveyor may be obtained by one ore more of the following:

• Increasing the initial or slack side tension
• Using a snub pulley to increase the arc of driving contact (Fig.4)
• Using a tandem drive to further increase the arc of contact
• Lagging the driving pulley with a covering of rubber as the co-efficient of friction between rubber and rubber is more than that between rubber and steel. Further, pulley wear can be avoided by this arrangement and only the lagging need be changed from time to time.

2.2.1 Conveyor Belt Pulley Sizes

For good service, terminal pulleys should be as large as possible. The pulley diameters are selected based on the recommendations from belt manufacturers depending on belt tensions. Small pulleys are cheaper in initial cost, but pulleys below the minimum recommended diameter may cause ply separation or even break the outer plies of the belt prematurely, thus increasing replacement cost.

2.2.2 Belt Edge Clearance & Pulley Widths

The life of conveyor belt would be curtailed if the edges were allowed to come in contact with structure guards or chutes. The minimum pulley widths are specified in IS 1891 (Part 1.)

3. BELT CONVEYOR IDLERS

The belt runs on rollers, known as idler rollers or idlers, because running freely, power is neither received nor transmitted to, the belt. Most conveyor installations are now equipped with 3 roll troughing idlers for the carrying side and single roll idler for the return side.

The rollers are usually made of ERW pipes. The components within the ERW shell are a central shaft , bearing housing, antifriction bearings, multi – labyrinth seals and circlips. The idler rollers are supported on conveyor frame by means of brackets often called as transom.

Carrying idlers support the belt as well as the load and they should be so placed that they limit the amount of belt sag under load between adjacent idlers to maximum of 3% of idler spacing. Carrying idlers are commonly 100 to 150mm in diameter and the troughed shape increases the carrying capacity of the belt by over 60%. The angle of troughing idlers is normally 200 to 300 . With availability of synthetic duck belting in the country, the use of idlers with deeper troughing angles, such as 350 and 450 is on increase.

Return idlers are usually 75 to 150 mm in diameters and spaced at approximately 3 meter intervals.

3.1 Self Training Conveyor Idler Rollers

Intermediate sets of troughing and return idlers are mounted in a manner which permits the idler axis to be adjusted a few degrees on either side of the correct centerline in order to train the belt centrally on the idlers. On long conveyors, additional guide roller are sometimes installed to overcome any tendency of belt to depart from its true path.

4. CONVEYOR BELT TAKE-UPS

A take-up has three functions.

• It applies the initial tension necessary to provide tension between the driving pulley and belt.
• It removes accumulation of slack in the belt due to belt stretch.
• It provides sufficient reserve belt length to enable a new joint to be made if necessary.

There are two types of take-up devices in general use, namely :

4.1 Conveyor Positive or Screw Take-up

In this arrangement the tail pulley is installed over slides so that it can be moved in the line of the belt with screws. It is commonly used on conveyors upto 60 meter length. The arrangement is simple as it requires no extra bends. The disadvantage is that it is not self – adjusting and the exact tension applied by screws cannot be ascertained.

4.2 Conveyor Floating or Gravity Take-up

In this arrangement, there are two types – vertical and horizontal. The vertical type requires more headroom for installation and consists of weighted pulley on return run of belt as shown in Fig.9.
Two other pulleys are required to complete the arrangement and hence it gives the belt three extra bends. The horizontal type shown in Fig.10. consist of carriage on which tail pulley is mounted. The carriage is forced to retract under the influence of weights attached to the carriage.

The advantage of gravity take-up is that it is self – adjusting and the tension in the belt can be accurately controlled by the weights. Also, much greater movement of take-up is possible for which reason gravity takeups are strongly recommended on long conveyors.

5. LOADING AND UNLOADING OF RUBBER BELT

The rules for correct loading of conveyor belt are :

• The material to be placed on the belt should be fed uniformly in the direction of belt travel at the speed as close to the belt speed. The belt has then only to carry the load and not bring it upto its own speed.

• The material should be fed along the middle of the belt and the height of fall kept to a minimum

• The belt should never have an idler under it at the point where the material lands.

• Spillage, especially on to the return belt, should be prevented by means of skirt board.

5.1 Belt conveyor Loading Chutes

The feed to belt conveyor is usually achieved directly by means of a chute or indirectly by means of a chute or indirectly through vibratory feeder or transfer feeders. Except where the material is transferred from one belt to another, indirect loading is usually more satisfactory.

Chutes are generally made of wood or steel. The wood or steel may wear out rapidly due to abrasion. Chutes are therefore fitted with renewable liners. Chutes may be open or closed depending on material being carried. A closed chute will decrease dust hazard but it prone to get jammed . A jammed chute will rapidly ruin the belt. Hence, any chute should be wide enough to deliver the two largest lumps that it would ever handle side by side and be 70% to 80% of the belt width. The general arrangement is shown in Fig.11.

5.2 Skirt Boards Rubber

These are used in conjunction with chutes. They are essential to guide the material centrally on the belt while loading until it has settled down to prevent spillage. They consist of strips of steel not less than 1.5 meter long and placed in direction of belt travel. At their commencement, they may be placed two-thirds the belt width apart and they should widen out in direction of belt travel.
The gap between the skirt board and the belt should be sealed by a wear strip of soft rubber.The skirts should not touch the belt and old conveyor belting should never be used for wear strips. The skirts should flare slightly upward from the chute to prevent the material from wedging.

5.3 Unloading of Belt

Usually the belt is discharged over the head pulley. The path of trajectory of the material leaving the belt is determined by belt speed and gravity and this has to be determined by belt speed and gravity and this has to be determined while deciding the location and form of the discharge chute or hopper. The chute should be so placed that sufficient clearance is available between the belt and chute so that even the biggest lump handled by the belt shall not jam the two.

6. CLEANING & PROTECTION OF BELTS

Most materials handled in bulk by belt tend to cling to the belt after passing the discharge point and then fall off on the return run on meeting the return idlers. Dirt on the belt while passing over snub or tandem pulleys can seriously affect the belt.

Thorough cleaning of belt immediately after the discharge point and prior to return run should receive careful consideration.

Four methods of cleaning the belt are in common use, but for particularly sticky material a combination of two or more methods may be required.

• If the material carried is lumpy, then all that may be required for effective cleaning is a rapping roller. This usually takes the form of an eccentric roller which, as it turns, exerts a rapping effect on the belt, shaking the adhering particles free.

• A rubber scrapper can be very effective for materials such as gravel, coal, etc. It is usually mounted on the counter weight pilot arrangement to bear on the belt immediately under the discharge pulley.

• For really sticky material such as clay, a steel scrapper may be essential but great care must be taken when adapting this methods as a badly fitted or misaligned metal scraper can cause extensive damage to belt.

• Rotary brushes are becoming more popular for dealing with all materials. The brushes should rotate in the direction opposite to belt travel and at a sufficient speed to keep the dristles clear of material.

Disclaimer: Information provided is to guide various industries to act as quick ready reckoner be it for at planning stage or expansions or maintenance, however no patent liability is assumed with respect to the use of the information contained. No liability is assumed for damages resulting from use of the information contained herein or assume any responsibility for errors or omissions.

CONVEYORS FOR MATERIAL HANDLING BELT, APRON CONVEYORS

Belt conveyors are used for lighter loads. Discussions include: types of belts, belt materials, magnetic feature, steel strip belts, braking arrangements, etc.
Conveyors have an edge over other forms of Material Handling Equipment (M.H.E) Once switched on (and most of them are continuously working), they do not need time – to – time vigilance or manipulation as cranes, trucks or forklifts need.

1.1. Belt Drive Unit
This gives motion to the conveyor. The rotary motion available
at the shaft of a typical electric motor is suitably converted to give desired surface speed to the conveyor. This is done by reduction gears, V-belt drives and sprocket and chain mechanisms.

1.2 Belt Load Carrying Members

Belts and aprons form the load carrying members of conveyors.

1.5 Conveyor Take-up Devices
In conveyors with flexible tractive systems, take – up devices give initial tension to the tractive elements. Also they can have in-built safeguards to switch off the system if on-load tension exceeds safe-limits.

1.5.1 Screw Type Take-up

It increases or decreases the centre distance between sprockets or drums by moving one of the members by screw mechanism and creates requisite tension.

1.5.2 Gravity Type Take-up

Counter – weight is suspended to keep the chain/belt in tight condition. These are less compact but otherwise easy for operation.

2. CONVEYOR BELTS

Rubberised textile belts are made up of several layers (plies) of rough woven cotton fabric.
Nylon fabric belts construction is similar to the rubberised belts. They are strong, weather – proof and resistant to weather conditions. They are conveniently light compared to rubber/cotton.

3. APRON CONVEYORS

Apron conveyors are used for continuous movement of bulk and unit loads.
Apron Conveyors can have larger lengths and carry heavier loads compared to belt conveyors.

Disclaimer: Information provided is to guide various industries to act as quick ready reckoner be it for at planning stage or expansions or maintenance, however no patent liability is assumed with respect to the use of the information contained. No liability is assumed for damages resulting from use of the information contained herein or assume any responsibility for errors or omissions.

MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT BENEFITS ACHIEVED BY SOUND PLANT LAYOUT

-Higher production capacity.
-More efficient utilization of machinery and labour.
-Reduction in work in progress

WORKMEN SAFETY IN PLANT LAY OUT PROVISION

The floor plan should be checked for the following:

-Safety in each work place and process area.
-Material handling hazards in the layouts due to ill positioning of equipment.

Disclaimer: Information provided is to guide various industries to act as quick ready reckoner be it for at planning stage or expansions or maintenance, however no patent liability is assumed with respect to the use of the information contained. No liability is assumed for damages resulting from use of the information contained herein or assume any responsibility for errors or omissions.

MATERIAL HANDLING CONCEPT

Knowingly or unknowingly, we all are practicing material handling and storage in our day – to – day life.

When we talk about material handling in relation to industries, it can be defined as technology covering the movement and storage of everything inside and plant i.e. movement of raw materials, sub-assemblies, tools, spare parts, packing materials, finished goods storage and transportation of finished goods to the clients or distributors.

Material handling is the lifting, shifting and placing of materials which effects saving in money, time and space.

There are many advantages of efficient material handling in the plant but the main advantages are saving of money, time and man-power which result in profit.

Material handling activities should be thought at a very first planning stage of factory building.

Disclaimer: Information provided is to guide various industries to act as quick ready reckoner be it for at planning stage or expansions or maintenance, however no patent liability is assumed with respect to the use of the information contained. No liability is
assumed for damages resulting from use of the information contained herein or assume any responsibility for errors or omissions.